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It is apparent to all those jobs employers what a CV is, but the common stereotype is that only those who are graduate. Still, the degree holder can have a false CV; students too can have holders the individual has transferable skills that can be listed on the CV.

Suppose you are just like me some years ago, when I was trying to build my CV, thinking all I needed to put in my CV was my degree realized that doing some research, I realized that I needed to do more research than just my degree and my skills. Find out that I need to put achievements in college and high school, skills, contact, education achievements, etc.


So if you also like me or are not but just tried researching a CV and how to make one, you are on the right track. This post will help educate you on the concept of a resume by detailing its importance and how to create your CV easily; I will also provide you with some templates and videos on how to make a resume.

What Is A Curriculum Vitae

A CV, which stands for curriculum vitae, is a document used when applying for a job(s). Its function allows you to summerise your education, skills, and experiences, enabling you to sell your abilities to potential employers successfully.


Difference Between A Curriculum Vitae (CV) And A Resume

A CV is said to be the same as a Resume, though there is a slight difference: a CV is more content than a Curriculum: assume it is a one to two-page document presenting key facts about your professional educational experience, critical ground, and skills.  But a CV(Curriculum Vitae) is a longer document that details the whole course of your career. A resume is used for job search, while a CV is used for academic purposes.

Why Is A Curriculum Vitae (CV) Important?

A CV is essential because it gives an applicant a chance to show a prospective employer the best of what the applicant has. It sells the skills and experience of the applicant, indicating to the employer that you are the right person for the job. Making a good impression is very important in today’s competitive job market. So, your CV will be the contact with employers, so it is essential to get it right.


Types Of Curriculum Vitae (CV)

Various CV types showcase work experience, industry knowledge, and skill sets in alternative ways, ranging from Chronological CVs, which highlight experience in reverse chronological order to Functional CVs, focussing on transferable skills. Here is an overview of some of the different types of CV, and don’t forget: needs and desires can change ge; make sure before you step out looking for a new match aga; make you assess what you want and are going after the right type for you! The following are the best types of CV Format.

  • Reverse Chronological CV Format
  • Functional CV Format
  • Combination CV Format
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Reverse Chronological CV Format

Reverse Chronological CV Format: The reverse Chronological CV Format is a type of CB format in which you list your relevant work experience in Chronological reverse order, beginning with your most recent position chronologically backward. For each job, most, provide the dates, location nas, the name of the employer, and briefly outline, yes, key responsibility, and achieve briefly.

Chronological CV Format Template

A reverse-chronological CV typically includes the following sections, though they may add additional units to provide more insights into their relevant additional units per experience:

  • Header with contact information
  • Create a CV profile (also called a professional summary or objective)
  • Describe your Work experience
  • Detail your Education background
  • Present Relevant Skills
  • Add extra sessions as needed. E.g., Licenses and certifications, Awards and honors, Publications and speaking engagements, Memberships in professional associations, Research projects, Volunteer experience, etc.

sample resume templates

When Am I To Use a Reverse-Chronological CV

Candidates may need to submit a CV when applying for academia, research, or science roles. Internationally, a CV is equivalent to a resume. When asked to submit a CV, using the reverse-chronological format is beneficial if you have at least a few years of professional experience. This format works well because it emphasizes your work history section and helps you show how your career has progressed.

If you’re a recent graduate or entering a new field, you might use the functional resume format that places your skills section above your work history. That design emphasizes your prior, potentially less relevant roles by focusing on the transferable skills you developed and used and can offer as a job candidate.

Functional CV Format

Functional CV Format: A functional CV Format is a type of formation which showcase skills over experience. The primary purpose of a functional CV is to draw attention to abilities rather than focusing on a chronological overview of one’s work history. Because of its properties, the functional CV format is sometimes called a “skilled-based resume.

Functional CV Format Template 

Let’s start with the basic layout of sections on a functional resume:

  • Name and Job Title
  • Contact Information—address, phone number, email, and social media accounts (if necessary)
  • Resume Objective—emphasize skills and achievements
  • Skills Summary—highlight your skills in this section of your functional resume
  • Work Experience—smaller section but can be omitted
  • Education—highest degree and most relevant certificates
  • Additional Skills—extra to the position you’re applying to

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When Am I To Use a Functional CV Format

In some cases, a functional CV format is not always the best; in others, it is suitable. One, and in other sons to consider before choosing this type of

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When you don’t have recent experience: In this case, it is advisable to use a functional cv format; assuming it’s been a few years(or more) since you last held a traditional job, you may not want your less-than-recent work history to be the first thing an employer notice when they pull up your resume. Leading with your skills could be a good way to pique a recruiter’s interest before they have significant to review your dates of employment.

When you’re making a significant career change: If you’ve collected a list of transferable skills throughout your work experience but have never used them in the context of a single role, a skills-based resume might allow you to demonstrate how your unique abilities will translate into the next act of your career.

When you don’t have much actual work experience(s): Functional CVs are good; they enable you to be a little more creative with your work history and allow for some flexibility in the skills you choose to highlight. For instance, you probably developed excellent research skills as a student, solid scheduling experience when you headed the PTA committee, or exceptional customer service acumen when you volunteered for that political campaign.

When your work history is all over the place: In this case, if you have helped with a string of short-term positions or worked in a variety of roles (I’m looking at you, freelancers and temp workers), using a functional resume may be a great way to organize your experience into a more cohesive story.

When your relevant experience isn’t rotted in traditional work: Let’s say you’re an avid cyclist. Or a model plane enthusiast who wants to apply for a customer service job at a bike shop or a docent post at an aviation museum. Or maybe you’ve volunteered in a shop kitchen for the past few years and want to land a job as a server. You’d probably want to feature the skills you’ve picked as a volunteer or hobbyist while highlighting your other, more traditional experience.

Combination CV Format

Combination CV Format: A combination resume template, a hybrid resume, or a chrono-functional resume breaks the usual skills or work experience choice. They are capable of doing both. A combination resume emphasizes relevant skills and accomplishments at the top of the resume. It also lists “professional history in “reverse-chronological,” meaning that the most recent experiences come first.

The combination resume format is a good choice if you are a junior or mid-level candidate with rea few years of work experience after college. A combination resume format will highlight skills you’ve acquired as an early career professional and help connect. For example, this format may be beneficial once you have a few years of work experience after college. Those skills to your professional experience.

The combination CV format is essential because; (1) It lets you present a quick overview of your employment history and the transferable areas. (2) While at the same time, showing the HR manager your top skills and qualifications.

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Combination CV Format Template

When creating a combination resume, a proper layout is your best friend. So typically, you’ll want to cover the following resume sections:

  • Contact Information
  • Resume Summary
  • Work Experience or Areas of Strengths
  • Skills Summary
  • Additional Skills
  • Education

combination resume template infographic


combination resume sample

When Am I To Use a Combination CV Format

The following are the conditions to consider before using a Combination CV Format:

  • You are an early career professional with 1–3 years of job experience
  • You are a recent college or high school graduate with an occupation and a minimal work experience
  • You are changing careers or industries
  • You have worked with only a few employers but have a consistent work history
  • You have no gaps in your work history

If you are a recent college or high school graduate without professional experience, you should consider using a functional CV format. When starting your career, it’s helpful to focus on a robust and extensive list of skills and accomplishments.

If you have professional experience, you should consider a chronological CV format instead. Especially for individuals applying for leadership positions, your most recent professional history and role within those organizations may be more valuable information for potential employers.

Reverse Chronological vs. Functional vs. Combination CV


  Reverse Chronological CV Functional CV Combination CV
Chief focus Worl experience/education Skills Skills and work experience
Work experience section At the top, relevant At the bottom, irrelevant In the middle, relevant
Skill section In the middle, relevant At the top, relevant At the top, relevant
Layout Professional and traditional Non-conventional, confusing Professional and creative
Applicant tracking software scannability Scannable Non-scannable Scannable
Main advantage Easy to read, universal Conceal flaws in work history Emphasizes and validates skills
Main weakness Very common might require tweaking Suggest you’re hiding something Suitable for few candidates
Good for Virtually all candidates Creative jobs, Military transitioners, Candidates who don’t want to seem overqualified Career changers, experienced professionals
Not ideal for Career changers Students, experiences, professionals, career changers, entry-level candidates Entry-level candidates, students





To learn more, click on the video to watch a more comprehensive explanation of how to build a CV.

Conclusion on How To Make A Curriculum Vitae

In conclusion, with the update above on How To Make A Curriculum Vitae, one is now aware of the types of CV formats and how to build a Curriculum vitae from scratch as a beginner/without knowledge.

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